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Researching Alternatives to Fish Oils in Aquaculture(RAFOA)

Researching Alternatives to Fish Oils in Aquaculture

Researching Alternatives to Fish Oils in Aquaculture

Project Objectives

Dr Bell holding an Atlantic Salmon

In the RAFOA project, the four main European aquaculture species, Atlantic salmon, rainbow trout, sea bass and sea bream, were grown on diets containing variable amounts of vegetable oils (VO) but with sufficient essential fatty acids (EFA) provided by dietary fishmeal.

The overall objectives were;

  1. To replace as much as possible of the fish oil used in aquaculture feeds with vegetable oils, without compromising the health, welfare and growth performance of the fish.
  2. To maintain health benefits, taste and other quality characteristics important to processor and consumers preferences.
  3. To advance basic scientific knowledge of fish lipid nutrition.

Project Details

Contract Number:


The Fifth EU Framework Programme-DG Research, Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources.

Key Action 5:

Sustainable agriculture, fisheries and forestry and integrated development of rural areas including mountain areas (5.1.2 Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture).

Project Co-ordinators:

Prof. John Sargent (to July 2002)

Dr Gordon Bell (from August 2002)

Total cost:



48 months

EU contribution:


Start date:

January 1st 2001